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Product Information

Ingredient functions

 

Functions Definitions
AbrasiveAids the removal of a variety of soils/stains through mechanical action
(EN:Abrasive)
AbsorbentAbsorbs water or other substances
(EN:Absorbent)
AdditiveEnsures desirable product properties.
(EN:Additive)
AdhesiveSubstances that bind surfaces to each other.
(EN:Adhesive)
Alkalinity SourceIncreases the alkalinity of the product to aid dissolution of dirt.
(EN:Alkalinity Source)
Anticaking AgentPrevents the formation of lumps in the product.
(EN:Anticaking Agent)
Antidandruff AgentControls dandruff.
(EN:Antidandruff Agent)
Antifoaming AgentSuppresses the formation of excess foam during production and/or consumer use.
(EN:Antifoaming Agent)
Antimicrobial AgentAdded to cosmetic products to help reduce the activities of micro-organisms on the skin or body.
(EN:Antimicrobial Agent)
AntioxidantInhibits the product reacting with oxygen, which can cause product spoilage.
(EN:Antioxidant)
Antiperspirant AgentThe active component that reduces perspiration.
(EN:Antiperspirant Agent)
Anti-redeposition AgentPrevents dirt in the wash solution being re-deposited on the clothes.
(EN:Anti-redeposition Agent)
Antistatic Agent Prevents static charges on human surfaces e.g. skin/hair or on clothes.
(EN:Antistatic Agent )
Astringent Induces a tightening or a tingling sensation on the skin.
(EN:Astringent )
BinderSubstances which provide adhesive properties so that the solids stick together e.g tablets, eye shadow.
(EN:Binder)
Bleach CatalystBoosts the performance of the bleach component, and making it effective at lower temperatures.
(EN:Bleach Catalyst)
Bleach PrecursorReacts in the wash to form a bleaching substance.
(EN:Bleach Precursor)
BotanicalsIngredients derived from plants e.g. Aloe Vera.
(EN:Botanicals)
Buffering AgentAdjusts or stabilises the acidity/alkalinity of a product.
(EN:Buffering Agent)
BuilderReduces the effect of water hardness by binding calcium and magnesium ions
(EN:Builder)
Bulking AgentIncreases the volume of a product through dilution, so that it can be applied at the correct concentration.
(EN:Bulking Agent)
ColourantColours the skin/hair and/or the product.
(EN:Colourant)
Cooling AgentMakes the skin feel cooler.
(EN:Cooling Agent)
Corrosion InhibitorPrevents corrosion of the packaging
(EN:Corrosion Inhibitor)
DenaturantMakes an alcohol-containing product taste very bitter, rendering it unpalatable.
(EN:Denaturant)
Deodorant Agent Reduces or masks unpleasant body odours.
(EN:Deodorant Agent )
Dye Transfer InhibitorHelps prevent "free dye" in the wash water being re-deposited on the clothes.
(EN:Dye Transfer Inhibitor)
EmulsifierUsed in small quantiities that help to form or stabilize immiscible liquids in an emulsion.
(EN:Emulsifier)
Emulsion StabiliserImproves stability of an emulsion and increases shelf life of product.
(EN:Emulsion Stabiliser)
EnzymeSpecialist ingredients which remove specific types of stains at lower temperatures e.g. fats, egg, blood.
(EN:Enzyme)
Enzyme StabiliserPrevents deactivation of enzymes in liquid detergents
(EN:Enzyme Stabiliser)
Evaporation AidHelps the product dry faster after application.
(EN:Evaporation Aid)
Exfoliating AgentHelps remove dead skin cells from the surface.
(EN:Exfoliating Agent)
Fabric Conditioner AgentSoftens/conditions the fabric.
(EN:Fabric Conditioner Agent)
Fabric Lubricating AgentLubricates the fibres of the fabrics and gives benefits such as making ironing easier.
(EN:Fabric Lubricating Agent)
Film FormerMakes product form a uniform film when applied to a surface
(EN:Film Former)
Fixing AgentMaintains the hold/shape of a hair style.
(EN:Fixing Agent)
FlavourImprove the taste of oral hygiene and lipstick products.
(EN:Flavour)
FragranceMakes the product smell nice in the packaging and during use.
(EN:Fragrance)
Hair Conditioning AgentEnhances the appearance and texture of the hair and facilitates styling. Conditioning agents will also improve gloss, sheen and  texture of damaged hair.
(EN:Hair Conditioning Agent)
Hair - Waving/Straightening AgentModifies hair fibres to facilitate configurational changes.
(EN:Hair - Waving/Straightening Agent)
HumectantHolds/retains water in the product, and/or increases the moisture content in the top layers of the skin.
(EN:Humectant)
HydrotropeIncreases the solubilty of the detergent in the product.
(EN:Hydrotrope)
OpacifierReduces the transparency/transluscency of a product, may give a pearly appearance.
(EN:Opacifier)
Optical BrightenerMakes products or washed fabrics look brighter and whiter.
(EN:Optical Brightener)
Oral Care AgentProvides e.g.cleansing, deodorising and protection to the oral cavity
(EN:Oral Care Agent)
Oxidising AgentIn detergents stains are removed by oxidation (bleaching). In cosmetics they are used to remove hair colourants or stabilise the hair after perming.
(EN:Oxidising Agent)
PearlescerGives sheen to a liquid, which can be seen as flow lines when poured.
(EN:Pearlescer)
pH AdjusterAdjusts the acidity/alkalinity of products.
(EN:pH Adjuster)
PlasticizerReduces brittleness and modifies flow properties.
(EN:Plasticizer)
PreservativeProtects products from microbial growth and spoilage from accidental contamination by the consumer during use.
(EN:Preservative)
Process by-productProduced as a technically unavoidable result of the manufacturing process.
(EN:Process by-product)
PropellantDelivers the product from an aerosol.
(EN:Propellant)
Reducing AgentChanges the chemical nature of another substance by adding hydrogen or removing oxygen.
(EN:Reducing Agent)
Regeneration SaltRegenerates the water softener in a machine dishwasher.
(EN:Regeneration Salt)
SequestrantPrevents free metal ions from causing any adverse effects on product performance, appearance, or stability by reacting with them.
(EN:Sequestrant)
Skin Conditioning AgentHelp to keep the skin soft, smooth, pliable and healthy looking.
(EN:Skin Conditioning Agent)
Skin Lightening AgentLightens the shade of the skin.
(EN:Skin Lightening Agent)
Skin ProtectantProtects the skin from the influences of the external environment.
(EN:Skin Protectant)
Slip ModifierEnhances the physical flow characteristics of the product.
(EN:Slip Modifier)
Softness ExtenderImproves the effectiveness of a softening agent.
(EN:Softness Extender)
SolubiliserImproves the solubility of one or more product ingredients.
(EN:Solubiliser)
Solvent Dissolves other ingredients/materials.
(EN:Solvent )
Spray ModifierModifies the spray characteristics of a spray.
(EN:Spray Modifier)
Stabilising AgentMaintains ingredient or formulation stability.
(EN:Stabilising Agent)
StructurantGives form or shape to final products.
(EN:Structurant)
Sunscreen AgentFilters out harmful UV rays.
(EN:Sunscreen Agent)
Surface ModifiersChange the physical characteristics of the surface.
(EN:Surface Modifiers)
SurfactantChanges the surface tension of water to assist cleansing, wetting surfaces, foaming and emulsifying (the suspension of one liquid evenly within another).
(EN:Surfactant)
Suspending AgentAids the even dispersal of a solid within a liquid.
(EN:Suspending Agent)
SweetenerMakes dental products taste sweeter.
(EN:Sweetener)
Tablet DisintegrantMakes the tablet disintegrate faster so that the active ingredients are working immediately
(EN:Tablet Disintegrant)
UV AbsorberFilters UV rays to protect the product or skin/hair from UV damage.
(EN:UV Absorber)
Viscosity Controlling AgentControls the thickness of the product.
(EN:Viscosity Controlling Agent)